Transvaginal Ultrasound

A transvaginal ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging test used for examining female reproductive organs. It may be performed to diagnose the cause of various abnormalities, including menstrual irregularities, pelvic pain, infertility, and uterine fibroids, or it may be performed to monitor a fetus' growth during the early stages of pregnancy.

Reasons for a Transvaginal Ultrasound

A physician may decide a transvaginal ultrasound is necessary when the patient suffers from:

  • Abnormalities such as cysts or fibroid tumors
  • Menstrual problems such as abnormal bleeding
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Pelvic pain

The Transvaginal Ultrasound Procedure

Other than emptying the bladder beforehand, no preparation is usually required for a transvaginal ultrasound. On the day of the procedure, it is best for the patient to arrive wearing comfortable, loose-fitting clothing, although she may be asked to change into a gown before the transvaginal ultrasound begins.

During the transvaginal ultrasound, the patient will lie down on her back with her feet in stirrups. The transducer, responsible for producing images, will be wrapped in protective covering and gel and then inserted into the vagina. As the transducer is moved around, the images it produces will be immediately sent to a nearby television screen. A transvaginal ultrasound usually takes between 30 and 60 minutes to perform, and is virtually painless.

The results of a transvaginal ultrasound are usually available a few days after the exam when the doctor will discuss the results with the patient. If the test results indicate any abnormalities, the doctor will develop a customized treatment plan based on the patient's condition.

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