A vaginal yeast infection is a common condition that affects over 75 percent of women at least once in their life, caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. While this type of fungus exists naturally in the vagina, too much of it can cause a vaginal infection. A yeast infection causes itching, burning, redness and irritation in the vaginal area, as well as a white discharge that looks similar to cottage cheese and pain during sexual intercourse.
Treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Treatment for a yeast infection is usually through over-the-counter products, although it is important to be sure that a yeast infection is the proper diagnosis. Over-the-counter products can typically treat a yeast infection in one to seven days, and may include creams, vaginal suppositories and tablets. Prescription oral medication is also available for yeast infections.
While patients should visit a doctor if they suspect they have a yeast infection for the first time, it is not necessary for frequent infections that can usually be treated at home. Patients can avoid yeast infections by wearing loose-fitting clothing, wearing cotton panties, keeping the genital area clean and dry and by avoiding any type of feminine deodorant products for the genital area. Although rare, it is possible for a yeast infection to be transmitted to a sexual partner.